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2021 Toyota Hydrogen Centre



**Solar-powered hydrogen production facility will produce up to 80kg of hydrogen per day**
**Commercial-grade refuelling outlet for commercial and passenger fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs)**
**Toyota Hydrogen Centre comprises education centre, hydrogen production, storage and refuelling, and Mirai servicing facilities**

Toyota has commissioned Victoria's first commercial-grade permanent hydrogen production, storage and refuelling facility at its former manufacturing site at Altona in Melbourne's west.

Toyota Australia President and CEO Matthew Callachor said the Toyota Hydrogen Centre was built to showcase the benefits of hydrogen fuel cell technology as part of its commitment to developing sustainable technologies for future mobility and energy needs.

"Globally, Toyota is committed to achieving zero CO2 emissions from its vehicles and plants under the Toyota Environmental Challenge 2050 and the commissioning of our hydrogen refuelling facility here today is an important step towards achieving that goal," Mr Callachor said.

"By demonstrating the viability of renewably-produced hydrogen as an automotive and energy fuel through this project, Toyota and its partners in government and business are pioneering a cleaner, more sustainable future that will encourage the further acceptance of this technology.

"We would like to thank our government partners for their assistance in bringing this project to fruition and those progressive forward-thinking business partners who will lease the 20 Mirai sedans we have brought into Australia to prove that hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles can, and will, play an important role in helping to move us towards a more sustainable and greener future," Mr Callachor said.

Dr Patrick Hartley, CSIRO Hydrogen Industry Mission attended the opening and said: "The infrastructure which is being commissioned at this new Toyota facility will not only progress the deployment of hydrogen vehicles, which can make a major contribution to helping our transport sector navigate Australia's energy transition, but it will also serve as a beacon to other companies looking to invest in hydrogen transport technology."

Sustainably produced hydrogen is the core element to fuel vehicles like the Toyota Mirai FCEV, an advanced fuel cell electric vehicle that produces no CO2 emissions, requires no battery recharging and has a range of 650km1.

The Toyota Mirai has been sold in markets in Japan and US for the past seven years but the greatest challenge to the broad-scale introduction of fuel cell electric vehicles in Australia has been a lack of refuelling infrastructure and the Toyota Hydrogen Centre is an important step in addressing this challenge.

Together with the hydrogen production, storage and refuelling facility, the Toyota Hydrogen Centre also incorporates an Education Centre to provide information on how hydrogen fuel cells work and the benefits to society, helping to dispel any myths around the safety and use of hydrogen as a fuel.

Hydrogen is produced on site by a 200kW electrolyser that uses electricity to split water into hydrogen and oxygen components and has the capacity to produce up to 80kg of hydrogen per day.

Power for the electrolyser is drawn from a combination of an 87kW solar array, a 100kW battery storage and mains grid depending on what's available at the time.

The hydrogen is then stored in a bank of storage tubes at medium and high pressure to be able to refuel both the fuel-cell forklifts that Toyota uses in other parts of the Altona complex and hydrogen FCEVs, like the new Mirai FCEV.


1 Based on WLTP measurement

For more information, please contact:

Tayla Hartley
Senior Public Affairs Specialist
0459 879 615

Emily Haseloff
Public Affairs Manager
0437 811 508

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Toyota's Altona hydrogen production facility at the Centre of Excellence uses a water-based electrolysis process to produce hydrogen gas.

An 87kW solar array supports the requirement for the electricity needed to operate the 200kW electrolyser which splits water into its oxygen and hydrogen components, making up to 80kg of hydrogen per day.

The electrolyser can be operated at a variable capacity from 30 to 100 per cent to make the most of the available solar-generated electricity, enabling it to be fully carbon neutral.

During the electrolysis process, oxygen is dispersed into the atmosphere and the hydrogen is captured and stored in a 45kg (18,000-litre) tank at low pressure of 3 megapascals (MPa).

The hydrogen is then compressed and stored in medium and high pressure tubes at 50MPa and 90MPa with maximum capacities of 75kg and 56kg respectively.

Hydrogen is then fed into the refuelling station that can dispense at medium pressure (35MPa) for machinery like Toyota's fuel-cell forklifts and high pressure (70MPa) for vehicles like the all-new Toyota Mirai FCEV.

Hydrogen produced on site is also used to power a 30kW fuel cell power generator that supplies back up power for the Toyota Hydrogen Centre and feeds into the mains grid.

Toyota started development of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) in Japan in 1992 and has continued to be one of the companies driving its development forward.

The technology was originally invented in the 1830s by William Grove in the UK and since then has been used in multiple applications, including the space program.

Hydrogen is the most common element on earth and can be produced from water, natural gas, biomass and waste products. It has a high energy density (nearly three times that of petrol by mass), can be stored in liquid or gas form in large quantities for a long period of time, is non-toxic and non-poisonous and emits no greenhouse gases or pollutants at the point of use.


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The new Hydrogen Centre is a key part of Toyota's commitment to electrification that will take another step forward as it prepares to offer progressive businesses and organisations the new generation hydrogen-powered Mirai sedan to trial from April 2021.

The initial allocation of 20 examples of the innovative Mirai fuel-cell electric vehicle (FCEV), will be available for select businesses and builds upon the growing momentum and appreciation of fuel cell technology as an integral part of a sustainable transport future.

Toyota launched the first generation Mirai FCEV in Japan in December 2014 and following its subsequent introduction in the US and Europe, the company has sold over 10,000 units.

With no refuelling infrastructure in Australia at the time, the first generation car was not originally offered for sale here.

However after importing three Mirai sedans, in 2018 Toyota initiated a small-scale trial program with local councils and utility companies that were refuelled from a mobile hydrogen refueller.

The first trial partner was Hobson's Bay City Council in Melbourne's west which used the three vehicles for council staff to carry out their work in the community.

Other organisations that trialled the Mirai included energy companies AusNet Services and Mondo and Moreland City Council in Melbourne's northern suburbs.

The first generation Mirai is a small four-seat sedan that uses an electric motor to drive the front wheels.

Hydrogen is stored in two high-pressure 70MPa tanks with a capacity that is sufficient to travel approximately 500km between refills.

The second generation Mirai - that will launch in Australia from April this year - offers significantly improved performance, driving characteristics and style.

With three hydrogen tanks, that offer a combined capacity to store 5.6kg of hydrogen, the new Mirai has a range of 650km1.

Refuelling the Mirai is as simple as attaching the fuel dispenser to a fuel nozzle on the car and pumping the gas as you would petrol, and takes between three and five minutes to fill the tanks.

In addition to the extended range, the new 5-seat sedan Mirai is now rear-drive with further improvements to the fuel cell to boost performance and efficiency.

The 128kW, fuel cell is made up of 330 individual cells that combine the onboard hydrogen with oxygen drawn from the atmosphere in a chemical reaction to generate electricity that drives a 134kW/300Nm electric motor.

With its aerodynamically-designed, sleek body style providing a drag coefficient of just .29cd, the new Mirai can cover 0-100km/h in 9.2 seconds before reaching a top speed of 175km/h.

And the only emission from the tailpipe is water vapour.

Globally, Toyota is also developing its fuel cell technology for use in other transport and energy applications.

In the US, Toyota is working with Hino USA on the development of a Class 8 fuel cell electric truck (FCET) for the North American market.

In Japan, Toyota is collaborating with the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) and Hitachi on the development of test railway vehicles equipped with hybrid systems that use hydrogen powered fuel cells and storage batteries as their source of electricity.


1 Based on WLTP measurement

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